Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Smoke inhalation is invariably accompanied by the body taking up CO. In some fires, CO exposure is complicated by cyanide poisoning from the combustion of plastic compounds. CO poisoning also is encountered frequently after exposure to automobile exhaust and in the winter, when victims are exposed to fumes from faulty furnaces. As a result, CO […]

Thermal Injuries and Smoke Inhalation

After major burns, about one-third of patients have pulmonary complications; these complications account for the majority of burn-related deaths. Smoke inhalation sufficient to cause respiratory injury may also occur without external burns. Thermal injury to the lung is associated with four groups of complications: Immediate reaction-direct thermal injury to upper airways leading to upper airway […]


A collection of blood between the chest wall and the lung or pleural cavity is a condition known as hemothorax trauma. It is caused primarily by blunt trauma that results in injury of the thorax. This injury ruptures a membrane in the covering of the lungs and allows for blood to spill into the pleural […]

Flail Chest

When a portion of the bone in the chest wall breaks due to stress and detaches itself, it is known as a flail chest. This condition is life threatening. It can occur when ribs are broken in multiple spots and causes a separation in the segment so that the chest wall moves on its own. […]

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